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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

2 edition of effect of ice nucleating active bacteria on insect cold-hardiness found in the catalog.

effect of ice nucleating active bacteria on insect cold-hardiness

Janet M Strong-Gunderson

effect of ice nucleating active bacteria on insect cold-hardiness

by Janet M Strong-Gunderson

  • 123 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Zoology,
  • Insects -- Effect of cold on,
  • Cryobiology,
  • Cold adaptation

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Janet M. Strong-Gunderson
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 70 leaves :
    Number of Pages70
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16713671M

    Pseudomonas is a genus of almost types of bacteria that live in a wide variety of habitats: they can cause hospital infections, food spoilage, sick mushroom farms etc. The "syringae"in the name of the bacterium in question gives away its significance, in that it was first isolated in lilacs. Now PS produces ice-nucleating proteins. This adsorption to ice results in thermal hysteresis (TH), a gap between the depressed freezing- and promoted melting-temperatures of ice, through the Gibbs–Thomson (Kelvin) effect [34,35]. Insect AFPs are categorized as “hyperactive” in TH and are more than 10 times effective compared with moderately active AFPs, on the basis of Cited by: 1.

    3) Ice formation can be triggered in one of three ways, depending on circumstances: by contact with environmental ice that inoculates body fluids across an epithelial layer (typically the skin), by epithelial contact with nonspecific nucleators (often bacteria on skin or in gut), or by the specific action of ice-nucleating proteins synthesized Cited by: Addition of the antidesiccants Biosys (20% wt/wt), natural wax (18% wt/wt), or Folicote (6% wt/wt) to the nematode suspension had a similar effect on insect mortality, with lower nematode concentrations ( and IJs/ml for E. insulana and S. littoralis, respectively).

    It is unlikely that such ice-nucleating substances are needed in freezing Some ice-active proteins inhibit ice recrystallization, a potentially injurious phenomenon whereby large ice crystals grow at H.V. () The wider integration of studies on insect cold-hardiness. European Journal of Entomol Danks, H.V. ( Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / leaves abscise, and the plant acquires cold hardiness. In one instance, the enhanced growth of spinach under long days, the biochemical basis for photoperiodic induction has been elucidated. The recent interest in the possible use of epiphytic, non-ice nucleating bacteria.


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Effect of ice nucleating active bacteria on insect cold-hardiness by Janet M Strong-Gunderson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Insect cold-hardiness Biological control Supercooling point Ice nucleation Ice nucleating active bacteria and fungi INTRODUCTION Insects rely on a variety of ecological and physiological adaptations to survive low temperatures. Recent articles have reviewed biochemical, physiological and ecologicalCited by: Insect cold-hardiness and ice nucleating active microorganisms including their potential use for biological control.

A variety of insects have been tested for the effect of ice nucleating active bacteria on their supercooling points (Table 2). All four species of ice nucleating active bacteria that were applied as living suspensions have Cited by: In herbaceous plants, it appears that extrinsic nucleating agents play a key role in initiating ice formation.

Ice-nucleating-active bacteria and moisture are two major extrinsic agents, however, their influence on the freezing process can be moderated by the presence of natural or applied hydrophobic barriers. Using ice-nucleating bacteria to reduce winter survival of Colorado potato beetles: development of a novel strategy for biological control R.

Lee, Jr.^, L. Castrilloa*, M. Lee^, J. WymanS and J. Costanzo^ ^Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, OHUSA ^Department of Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, OH Cited by: 2. Reduction of insect cold-hardiness using ice-nucleating active fungi and surfactants.

Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata | PDF Lee, R. E., and J. Costanzo. Biological ice nucleation and ice distribution in cold-hardy ectotherm. Annual Review of Physiology The influence of ice-nucleating active (INA) bacteria on cold hardiness of the house spider, Achaearanea tepidariorum, was determined by measuring the supercooling point (SCP) of hatchlings given.

Ice nucleating-active Pseudomonas fluorescens FC was fed to Colorado potato beetles to determine bacterial retentioin in the beetle gut and its effect on the cold hardiness of this insect pest. Ice-Nucleating Active Bacteria Reduce the Cold-Hardiness of the Freeze-Intolerant Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Richard E.

Lee, Jr., Jon P. Costanzo, Phillip E. Kaufman, Marcia R. Lee, Jeffrey A. Wyman. Effects of Extreme Low Winter Temperatures on the Overwintering Survival of the Introduced Larval Parasitoids Spathius galinae and Tetrastichus planipennisi: Implications for Biological Control of Emerald Ash Borer in North America.

Fields, P., S. Pouleur, and C. Richard. The effect of high temperature storage on the capacity of an ice-nucleating-active bacterium and fungus to reduce insect cold-tolerance. Can. Entomol. – CrossRef Google Scholar.

Abstract. It is well known that temperature has a pervasive effect on insects. Nearly every aspect of an insect’s life is influenced by temperature, from direct effects on the kinetics of enzymatic reactions, to defining the limits of physiological function and behavior, Cited by:   Previous studies have provided a mechanism for how ice nucleating active bacteria decreases the cold hardiness of insects by increasing the super cooling points of those insects.

Studies have also shown that Anti Freeze Proteins have been localized in gut tissue of D. canadensis, possibly to protect from ice inoculation by gut microbes. Ingestion of ice-nucleating active bacteria increases the supercooling point of the lady beetle Hippodamia convergens. Journal of Insect Physiol – Tanaka, K.

and Watanabe, M. Transmission of ice-nucleating active bacteria from a prey reduces cold. Infrared video thermography was used to observe ice nucleation temperatures, patterns of ice formation, and freezing rates in nonacclimated and cold acclimated leaves of a spring (cv Quest) and a winter (cv Express) canola (Brassica napus).

Distinctly different freezing patterns were observed, and the effect of water content, sugars, and soluble proteins on the freezing process was Cited by: Ice-nucleating active bacteria reduce the cold-hardiness of the freeze-intolerant Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

Econ. Entomol. Kaufman, P.E., J.A. Wyman and K-S.J. Kung. Cultural control of the Colorado potato beetle by disrupting overwintering habits in central Wisconsin.

Amer. Potato J. Effect of nitrogen addition and drought on above-ground biomass of expanding tall grasses Calamagrostis epigejos and Arrhenatherum elatius Prevalence of avian influenza viruses, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium avium, subsp.

paratuberculosis in marsh-dwelling passerines in Slovakia, Cited by: A total of of the papers published in the Journal of Stored Product Research (JSPR) between and during its >year history have been categorized into six types and 49 categories (see below). Each of the papers included in following list is included only once although some papers could be included under more.

Low temperature is a major environmental constraint impacting the geographic distribution and seasonal activity patterns of insects. Written for academic researchers in environmental physiology and entomology, this book explores the physiological and molecular mechanisms that enable insects to cope with a cold environment and places these findings into an evolutionary and ecological context.

How your plants grew in the summer will effect their cold hardiness. certain bacteria (INA or Ice Nucleating Bacteria) or other often organic impurity, water molecules can cling to.

2 thoughts on “ Chilling, Freezing & Surviving: Understanding Hardiness & Preparing Your Plants for Winter ” Judy Wulf December 5, at pm. Publication - Article. Convey, P. ORCID: ; Coulson, S.J.; Worland, M.R.; Sjoblom, A The importance of understanding annual. Ice-nucleating bacteria from the guts of two sub-Antarctic beetles,Hydromedion sparsutum and Perimylops antarcticus Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 36 (1).

A comparison of the cold hardiness attributes in larvae of four species of Diptera. CryoLetters, Insects are a diverse, numerous and important group in aquatic habitats, occupying key functional and ecological roles.

This edited volume brings together acknowledged experts in often disparate fields ranging from physiology through ecology to evolution to consider in a unified manner the challenges facing insect populations in aquatic environments and how they have adapted to achieve such.The study of insects at low temperature is a comparatively new field.

Only recently has insect cryobiology begun to mature, as research moves from a descriptive approach to a search for underlying mechanisms at diverse levels of organization ranging from the gene .